Not everyone knows how the restoration of the liver is organized in various diseases of this organ. The liver performs important functions in the human body. This body:
- neutralizes foreign substances;
- participates in metabolic processes, maintaining the optimal level of hormones, mediators and vitamins;
- participates in the formation of blood cells;
- promotes the synthesis of many hormones and enzymes;
- promotes the formation of cholesterol, lipoproteins and phospholipids;
- is a depot of glycogen and vitamins.
The function of this organ is impaired in hepatitis, hepatosis, cirrhosis, exposure to alcohol and severe poisoning.
How to restore liver function
Diseases such as toxic dystrophy, acute and chronic viral hepatitis, alcoholic liver damage, hepatosis, cirrhosis, lead to changes in organ tissue. Fibrosis (replacement of functional connective tissue), necrosis (cell death) and dystrophy may develop. The restoration of liver cells is carried out using the following means:
- antiviral drugs;
- choleretic drugs.
Vitamins are necessarily prescribed, which accelerate the process of tissue regeneration. The liver is capable of self-healing, but this process is very long. It is difficult to quickly cure a person. Viral hepatitis with a foodborne infection mechanism is very common. This group includes hepatitis A and E. In this case, the following medications are prescribed to restore liver function:
- hepatoprotectors (Essentiale, Ursofalk);
- glucocorticoids (“Prednisolone”);
- immunomodulators (“T-activin”, “Timalin”, “Timogen”);
- detoxifying agents;
- choleretic drugs.
Glucocorticoids are indicated only in severe cases. They eliminate inflammation of the liver tissue and inhibit autoimmune reactions. Choleretic drugs cleanse the liver from accumulated bile. To remove toxic substances, detoxification therapy is required.
The hepatitis A virus parasitizes inside the cells of the organ. To combat it, immunomodulators are used. It is possible to restore the state of the liver at home only with mild or moderate hepatitis.
The use of hepatoprotectors
Experienced doctors know what medicines to take to restore the liver. The most effective are hepatoprotectors. Taking such drugs is very useful for a wide variety of diseases. The most commonly used hepatoprotectors are:
- Liv 52;
- Essentiale Forte;
- “Rezalut Pro”.
All of these medications can help a person recover. Most hepatoprotectors have a complex effect. The restoration of liver cells is often carried out by means of “Heptral”. It is a hepatoprotective agent with an antidepressant effect. It is produced in the form of tablets for oral administration. “Heptral” promotes the excretion of bile, reduces intoxication and leads to the regeneration of liver tissue.
The drug prevents fibrosis and has antioxidant properties. “Heptral” is effective for chronic hepatitis, fatty liver, toxic organ damage and cirrhosis. Phosphogliv belongs to hepatoprotectors with antiviral activity.
The drug stabilizes cell membranes, increases the resistance of hepatocytes to various chemicals and viruses. With the help of “Phosphogliv” you can restore an organ against the background of alcohol intoxication. The drug is used for hepatosis, acute and chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and drug damage to the liver.
Helping the liver with alcohol exposure
Not everyone knows how to restore the liver after alcohol. Alcoholism is the most common cause of damage to this organ. Dysfunction can occur after a binge or against the background of prolonged, systematic drinking. These people often develop alcoholic liver disease. It is characterized by tissue degeneration and impairment of all functions of the organ.
After a booze, it is recommended to detoxify the body by injecting glucose or saline solution, adhere to a diet and refuse alcohol. Rebuilding the liver after long-term alcohol consumption is more difficult. Essential phospholipids (“Rezalut Pro”, “Essentiale”), preparations based on ursodeoxycholic acid (“Ursosan”, “Ursofalk”), phytopreparations (“Liv 52”) are used. Recovery of the liver after alcohol in the presence of mental disorders involves the use of the drug “Heptral”. With the development of cirrhosis, symptomatic therapy is carried out. How long the liver is restored after alcohol, only the doctor knows.
Preparations based on ursodeoxycholic acid
At home, you can treat the liver with drugs based on ursodeoxycholic acid.
These include “Ursofalk”, “Ursosan”, “Ursoliv”. These medicines have a choleretic and hepatoprotective effect. Ursodeoxycholic acid stabilizes liver cells. It increases the resistance of hepatocytes to aggressive substances.
The acid forms complexes with toxic bile acids, thereby protecting the liver. These drugs stimulate the immune system by increasing the activity of lymphocytes. These medicines are prescribed by a doctor for the following pathologies:
- gallstone disease;
- liver damage on the background of cystic fibrosis;
- acute inflammatory process;
- cirrhosis at the stage of fibrosis.
Medicines can be used after hard drinking and for alcoholic liver disease.
Diet and folk remedies
Folk remedies can be used with medicines. Herbal decoctions and infusions are widely used. The most effective herbs for liver repair are:
- milk thistle;
Honey has a healing effect. Treatment with folk remedies always requires agreement with the attending physician, since some plants are poisonous. There are homeopathic remedies for the liver on the market. These include “Galstena”. This product contains milk thistle, dandelion and celandine.
Of phytopreparations, “Hofitol” is often used. Treatment with folk remedies is complemented by a diet. A rational, balanced diet is of great importance. A diet to restore the liver involves the inclusion of the following foods in the diet: grapefruits, oranges, cabbage, green tea, honey, vegetable oil, fresh berries (cranberries, lingonberries, currants), rose hips. Often, patients are prescribed nutritional therapy (table number 5).
The liver constantly needs vitamins and minerals, so the diet should be enriched with fruits and vegetables (carrots, beets, herbs, tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, garlic). You should give up refined foods, canned food, strong tea and coffee, alcohol, fatty meats, smoked meats, pickles. Proper nutrition will speed up your recovery. Thus, in order to maintain liver function at the proper level, it is necessary to give up alcohol, eat well and treat diseases in a timely manner.